COUNTRY TOTAL CASES TOTAL DEATHS TOTAL RECOVERED SERIOUS CRITICAL CASES PER 1 MILLION DEATHS PER 1 MILLION
USA 7,141,923 206,616 4,400,322 14,086 21,547 623
India 5,737,197 91,204 4,674,987 8,944 4,148 66
Brazil 4,627,780 139,065 3,992,886 8,318 21,736 653
Russia 1,128,836 19,948 929,829 2,300 7,734 137
Colombia 784,268 24,746 662,277 863 15,376 485
Peru 782,695 31,870 636,489 1,381 23,663 964
Mexico 710,049 74,949 510,237 2,677 5,494 580
Spain 693,556 31,034 0 1,436 14,833 664
South Africa 665,188 16,206 594,229 539 11,183 272
Argentina 664,799 14,376 525,486 3,511 14,678 317
France 481,141 31,459 93,538 951 7,367 482
Chile 449,903 12,345 425,165 907 23,489 645
Iran 436,319 25,015 367,829 3,957 5,180 297
UK 409,729 41,862 0 211 6,028 616
Bangladesh 355,384 5,072 265,092 0 2,153 31
Iraq 337,106 8,799 268,761 527 8,339 218
Saudi Arabia 331,857 4,599 314,793 1,090 9,499 132
Pakistan 308,217 6,437 294,392 548 1,389 29
Turkey 308,069 7,711 270,723 1,561 3,644 91
Italy 302,537 35,758 220,665 244 5,005 592
Philippines 296,755 5,127 231,928 1,048 2,700 47
Germany 279,549 9,509 249,500 293 3,334 113
Indonesia 262,022 10,105 191,853 0 956 37
Israel 206,332 1,335 148,075 667 22,433 145
Ukraine 188,106 3,757 83,458 177 4,307 86
Canada 147,756 9,243 127,788 86 3,907 244
Bolivia 131,990 7,731 91,556 71 11,272 660
Ecuador 129,892 11,171 102,852 360 7,337 631
Qatar 124,175 212 121,006 64 44,225 76
Romania 118,054 4,591 94,877 506 6,146 239
Dominican Republic 109,737 2,074 83,434 208 10,093 191
Panama 107,990 2,291 84,437 122 24,939 529
Morocco 107,743 1,918 88,244 281 2,911 52
Kazakhstan 107,529 1,699 102,323 221 5,711 90
Belgium 106,887 9,959 19,079 95 9,213 858
Netherlands 103,141 6,312 0 121 6,016 368
Egypt 102,375 5,822 91,843 41 996 57
Kuwait 101,851 592 92,961 101 23,769 138
Oman 95,907 885 86,765 185 18,675 172
Sweden 90,289 5,878 0 15 8,927 581
UAE 88,532 407 77,937 0 8,927 41
Guatemala 87,442 3,154 76,459 5 4,860 175
China 85,314 4,634 80,513 4 59 3
Poland 82,809 2,369 66,158 91 2,189 63
Japan 79,768 1,512 71,981 165 631 12
Belarus 76,651 802 73,733 0 8,112 85
Honduras 72,675 2,222 24,022 20 7,311 224
Ethiopia 71,083 1,141 29,253 269 615 10
Portugal 70,465 1,928 46,290 77 6,915 189
Venezuela 69,439 574 58,759 146 2,444 20
Nepal 69,301 453 50,411 0 2,369 15
Costa Rica 68,059 781 26,136 249 13,332 153
Bahrain 67,014 231 60,117 54 39,087 135
Nigeria 57,724 1,102 48,985 7 278 5
Singapore 57,654 27 57,291 0 9,837 5
Czechia 55,464 555 26,709 120 5,177 52
Uzbekistan 53,834 446 50,230 283 1,603 13
Switzerland 51,492 2,061 42,300 34 5,940 238
Algeria 50,400 1,698 35,428 31 1,145 39
Armenia 48,251 945 43,266 0 16,276 319
Moldova 48,232 1,244 36,071 564 11,963 309
Ghana 46,153 299 45,299 6 1,478 10
Kyrgyzstan 45,757 1,063 42,005 24 6,987 162
Austria 40,816 783 31,661 78 4,526 87
Azerbaijan 39,686 581 37,255 0 3,906 57
Afghanistan 39,170 1,451 32,619 93 1,001 37
Palestine 37,591 274 26,934 0 7,331 53
Kenya 37,348 664 24,253 44 691 12
Paraguay 35,571 727 19,867 157 4,973 102
Ireland 33,675 1,794 23,364 16 6,802 362
Serbia 33,163 745 31,536 22 3,799 85
Lebanon 31,792 328 13,527 126 4,663 48
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 30,632 474 16,842 0 4,444 69
El Salvador 28,201 823 22,326 89 4,343 127
Australia 26,980 861 24,448 10 1,055 34
Bosnia 26,316 802 19,142 0 8,033 245
Denmark 24,916 645 18,646 14 4,298 111
S. Korea 23,341 393 20,832 126 455 8
Hungary 21,200 709 4,818 32 2,196 73
Cameroon 20,690 416 19,124 30 775 16
Côte d'Ivoire 19,430 120 18,875 0 733 5
Bulgaria 19,283 779 13,867 29 2,780 112
Macedonia 17,049 710 14,186 3 8,183 341
Greece 16,286 357 9,989 73 1,564 34
Madagascar 16,191 227 14,833 15 581 8
Croatia 15,572 261 14,111 24 3,799 64
Senegal 14,816 304 11,818 24 880 18
Zambia 14,491 332 13,643 0 783 18
Sudan 13,578 836 6,760 0 308 19
Tunisia 13,305 180 5,032 74 1,123 15
Norway 13,277 267 10,371 2 2,445 49
Albania 12,787 370 7,139 18 4,444 129
Namibia 10,663 117 8,431 11 4,179 46
Malaysia 10,576 133 9,666 6 326 4
DRC 10,555 271 10,051 0 117 3
Guinea 10,434 65 9,801 24 790 5
Maldives 9,885 34 8,530 12 18,215 63
French Guiana 9,762 65 9,431 6 32,496 216
Tajikistan 9,475 74 8,244 0 988 8
Montenegro 9,428 151 5,728 0 15,011 240
Finland 9,379 343 7,850 4 1,692 62
Gabon 8,716 54 7,906 2 3,895 24
Haiti 8,646 225 6,551 0 756 20
Luxembourg 8,090 124 6,862 1 12,876 197
Myanmar 7,827 133 2,085 0 144 2
Zimbabwe 7,725 227 6,007 0 518 15
Slovakia 7,629 41 3,978 25 1,397 8
Mauritania 7,425 161 7,028 3 1,588 34
Mozambique 7,262 49 4,350 0 231 2
Uganda 7,064 70 3,226 0 153 2
Jordan 6,042 35 3,812 13 591 3
Malawi 5,746 179 4,140 4 299 9
Cabo Verde 5,412 54 4,837 0 9,710 97
Djibouti 5,407 61 5,338 0 5,455 62
Jamaica 5,395 76 1,444 7 1,820 26
Swaziland 5,343 108 4,693 11 4,594 93
Cuba 5,270 118 4,582 8 465 10
Nicaragua 5,073 149 2,913 0 764 22
Hong Kong 5,057 104 4,758 13 673 14
Equatorial Guinea 5,018 83 4,509 4 3,551 59
Congo 5,005 89 3,887 0 902 16
Central African Republic 4,802 62 1,830 2 990 13
Rwanda 4,779 27 2,995 0 367 2
Suriname 4,779 101 4,560 5 8,130 172
Slovenia 4,694 143 3,168 20 2,258 69
Guadeloupe 4,487 42 2,199 24 11,214 105
Georgia 4,399 26 1,705 0 1,103 7
Angola 4,363 159 1,473 8 132 5
Trinidad and Tobago 4,136 67 1,960 11 2,953 48
Lithuania 4,070 89 2,253 0 1,500 33
Syrian Arab Republic 3,924 181 998 0 223 10
Aruba 3,721 25 2,501 11 34,818 234
Bahamas 3,618 80 1,915 79 9,180 203
Gambia 3,552 110 2,012 0 1,461 45
Mayotte 3,541 40 2,964 2 12,910 146
Thailand 3,516 59 3,353 1 50 1
Réunion 3,501 11 2,482 0 3,904 12
Somalia 3,465 98 2,877 0 217 6
Sri Lanka 3,324 13 3,142 0 155 1
Estonia 3,076 64 2,395 2 2,318 48
Mali 3,034 130 2,382 0 149 6
Malta 2,898 27 2,191 0 6,559 61
South Sudan 2,664 49 1,290 0 237 4
Botswana 2,567 13 624 1 1,087 6
Guyana 2,535 69 1,464 14 3,219 88
Iceland 2,512 10 2,150 0 7,350 29
Benin 2,325 40 1,954 0 191 3
Guinea-Bissau 2,324 39 1,549 5 1,175 20
Sierra Leone 2,183 72 1,665 0 272 9
Yemen 2,029 586 1,245 0 68 20
Uruguay 1,946 47 1,661 2 560 14
Burkina Faso 1,929 56 1,252 0 92 3
New Zealand 1,827 25 1,737 3 365 5
Andorra 1,753 53 1,203 4 22,680 686
Belize 1,706 22 1,019 3 4,273 55
Togo 1,701 41 1,297 0 204 5
Cyprus 1,654 22 1,369 1 1,368 18
Latvia 1,594 36 1,248 0 847 19
Lesotho 1,554 35 782 0 724 16
French Polynesia 1,469 5 1,237 5 5,222 18
Liberia 1,338 82 1,221 0 263 16
Martinique 1,290 20 98 9 3,438 53
Niger 1,193 69 1,107 0 49 3
Chad 1,164 82 997 0 70 5
Vietnam 1,069 35 991 0 11 0
Sao Tome and Principe 908 15 880 0 4,126 68
San Marino 723 42 669 3 21,297 1,237
Diamond Princess 712 13 651 4 0 0
Turks and Caicos Islands 676 5 588 3 17,406 129
Channel Islands 654 48 575 2 3,754 275
Sint Maarten 616 21 517 6 14,330 489
Papua New Guinea 527 7 232 0 59 1
Tanzania 509 21 183 7 8 0
Taiwan 509 7 480 0 21 0
Burundi 476 1 462 0 40 0
Comoros 470 7 453 0 538 8
Faroe Islands 455 0 416 0 9,304 0
Saint Martin 367 8 273 11 9,455 206
Mauritius 367 10 339 0 288 8
Eritrea 364 0 309 0 102 0
Gibraltar 361 0 331 0 10,716 0
Isle of Man 340 24 312 0 3,994 282
Mongolia 313 0 302 1 95 0
Curaçao 301 1 104 1 1,833 6
Cambodia 275 0 274 0 16 0
Bhutan 261 0 196 0 337 0
Cayman Islands 210 1 205 0 3,187 15
Monaco 199 1 165 1 5,063 25
Barbados 189 7 174 0 657 24
Bermuda 181 9 167 0 2,909 145
Brunei 145 3 142 0 331 7
Seychelles 143 0 136 0 1,452 0
Liechtenstein 116 1 110 0 3,040 26
Antigua and Barbuda 97 3 92 0 989 31
Caribbean Netherlands 69 1 21 0 2,626 38
British Virgin Islands 69 1 48 2 2,279 33
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 64 0 64 0 576 0
Macao 46 0 46 0 71 0
St. Barth 45 0 25 0 4,553 0
Fiji 32 2 28 1 36 2
Timor-Leste 27 0 27 0 20 0
Saint Lucia 27 0 26 0 147 0
New Caledonia 26 0 26 0 91 0
Dominica 24 0 18 0 333 0
Grenada 24 0 24 0 213 0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 23 0 22 0 3 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 0 17 0 357 0
Saint Pierre Miquelon 16 0 6 0 2,765 0
Greenland 14 0 14 0 247 0
Montserrat 13 1 12 0 2,604 200
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 13 0 13 0 3,712 0
Holy See (Vatican City State) 12 0 12 0 14,981 0
Western Sahara 10 1 8 0 17 2
MS Zaandam 9 2 0 0 0 0
Anguilla 3 0 3 0 200 0
  • COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC
  • Confirmed Cases

    32,150,662

  • Confirmed Death

    982,861

  • Confirmed Recovered

    23,498,200

  • Active CASES

    7,669,601

  • SERIOUS CRITICAL

    62,369



  • Coronavirus (COVID-19) current situation and case numbers

  • Today Confirmed Cases

    64,358

  • Today Confirmed Death

    1,580

  • Last updated: 27 seconds ago


COUNTRY TOTAL CASES TOTAL DEATHS TOTAL RECOVERED SERIOUS CRITICAL CASES PER 1 MILLION DEATHS PER 1 MILLION
USA 7,141,923 206,616 4,400,322 14,086 21,547 623
India 5,737,197 91,204 4,674,987 8,944 4,148 66
Brazil 4,627,780 139,065 3,992,886 8,318 21,736 653
Russia 1,128,836 19,948 929,829 2,300 7,734 137
Colombia 784,268 24,746 662,277 863 15,376 485
Peru 782,695 31,870 636,489 1,381 23,663 964
Mexico 710,049 74,949 510,237 2,677 5,494 580
Spain 693,556 31,034 0 1,436 14,833 664
South Africa 665,188 16,206 594,229 539 11,183 272
Argentina 664,799 14,376 525,486 3,511 14,678 317
France 481,141 31,459 93,538 951 7,367 482
Chile 449,903 12,345 425,165 907 23,489 645
Iran 436,319 25,015 367,829 3,957 5,180 297
UK 409,729 41,862 0 211 6,028 616
Bangladesh 355,384 5,072 265,092 0 2,153 31
Iraq 337,106 8,799 268,761 527 8,339 218
Saudi Arabia 331,857 4,599 314,793 1,090 9,499 132
Pakistan 308,217 6,437 294,392 548 1,389 29
Turkey 308,069 7,711 270,723 1,561 3,644 91
Italy 302,537 35,758 220,665 244 5,005 592
Philippines 296,755 5,127 231,928 1,048 2,700 47
Germany 279,549 9,509 249,500 293 3,334 113
Indonesia 262,022 10,105 191,853 0 956 37
Israel 206,332 1,335 148,075 667 22,433 145
Ukraine 188,106 3,757 83,458 177 4,307 86
Canada 147,756 9,243 127,788 86 3,907 244
Bolivia 131,990 7,731 91,556 71 11,272 660
Ecuador 129,892 11,171 102,852 360 7,337 631
Qatar 124,175 212 121,006 64 44,225 76
Romania 118,054 4,591 94,877 506 6,146 239
Dominican Republic 109,737 2,074 83,434 208 10,093 191
Panama 107,990 2,291 84,437 122 24,939 529
Morocco 107,743 1,918 88,244 281 2,911 52
Kazakhstan 107,529 1,699 102,323 221 5,711 90
Belgium 106,887 9,959 19,079 95 9,213 858
Netherlands 103,141 6,312 0 121 6,016 368
Egypt 102,375 5,822 91,843 41 996 57
Kuwait 101,851 592 92,961 101 23,769 138
Oman 95,907 885 86,765 185 18,675 172
Sweden 90,289 5,878 0 15 8,927 581
UAE 88,532 407 77,937 0 8,927 41
Guatemala 87,442 3,154 76,459 5 4,860 175
China 85,314 4,634 80,513 4 59 3
Poland 82,809 2,369 66,158 91 2,189 63
Japan 79,768 1,512 71,981 165 631 12
Belarus 76,651 802 73,733 0 8,112 85
Honduras 72,675 2,222 24,022 20 7,311 224
Ethiopia 71,083 1,141 29,253 269 615 10
Portugal 70,465 1,928 46,290 77 6,915 189
Venezuela 69,439 574 58,759 146 2,444 20
Nepal 69,301 453 50,411 0 2,369 15
Costa Rica 68,059 781 26,136 249 13,332 153
Bahrain 67,014 231 60,117 54 39,087 135
Nigeria 57,724 1,102 48,985 7 278 5
Singapore 57,654 27 57,291 0 9,837 5
Czechia 55,464 555 26,709 120 5,177 52
Uzbekistan 53,834 446 50,230 283 1,603 13
Switzerland 51,492 2,061 42,300 34 5,940 238
Algeria 50,400 1,698 35,428 31 1,145 39
Armenia 48,251 945 43,266 0 16,276 319
Moldova 48,232 1,244 36,071 564 11,963 309
Ghana 46,153 299 45,299 6 1,478 10
Kyrgyzstan 45,757 1,063 42,005 24 6,987 162
Austria 40,816 783 31,661 78 4,526 87
Azerbaijan 39,686 581 37,255 0 3,906 57
Afghanistan 39,170 1,451 32,619 93 1,001 37
Palestine 37,591 274 26,934 0 7,331 53
Kenya 37,348 664 24,253 44 691 12
Paraguay 35,571 727 19,867 157 4,973 102
Ireland 33,675 1,794 23,364 16 6,802 362
Serbia 33,163 745 31,536 22 3,799 85
Lebanon 31,792 328 13,527 126 4,663 48
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 30,632 474 16,842 0 4,444 69
El Salvador 28,201 823 22,326 89 4,343 127
Australia 26,980 861 24,448 10 1,055 34
Bosnia 26,316 802 19,142 0 8,033 245
Denmark 24,916 645 18,646 14 4,298 111
S. Korea 23,341 393 20,832 126 455 8
Hungary 21,200 709 4,818 32 2,196 73
Cameroon 20,690 416 19,124 30 775 16
Côte d'Ivoire 19,430 120 18,875 0 733 5
Bulgaria 19,283 779 13,867 29 2,780 112
Macedonia 17,049 710 14,186 3 8,183 341
Greece 16,286 357 9,989 73 1,564 34
Madagascar 16,191 227 14,833 15 581 8
Croatia 15,572 261 14,111 24 3,799 64
Senegal 14,816 304 11,818 24 880 18
Zambia 14,491 332 13,643 0 783 18
Sudan 13,578 836 6,760 0 308 19
Tunisia 13,305 180 5,032 74 1,123 15
Norway 13,277 267 10,371 2 2,445 49
Albania 12,787 370 7,139 18 4,444 129
Namibia 10,663 117 8,431 11 4,179 46
Malaysia 10,576 133 9,666 6 326 4
DRC 10,555 271 10,051 0 117 3
Guinea 10,434 65 9,801 24 790 5
Maldives 9,885 34 8,530 12 18,215 63
French Guiana 9,762 65 9,431 6 32,496 216
Tajikistan 9,475 74 8,244 0 988 8
Montenegro 9,428 151 5,728 0 15,011 240
Finland 9,379 343 7,850 4 1,692 62
Gabon 8,716 54 7,906 2 3,895 24
Haiti 8,646 225 6,551 0 756 20
Luxembourg 8,090 124 6,862 1 12,876 197
Myanmar 7,827 133 2,085 0 144 2
Zimbabwe 7,725 227 6,007 0 518 15
Slovakia 7,629 41 3,978 25 1,397 8
Mauritania 7,425 161 7,028 3 1,588 34
Mozambique 7,262 49 4,350 0 231 2
Uganda 7,064 70 3,226 0 153 2
Jordan 6,042 35 3,812 13 591 3
Malawi 5,746 179 4,140 4 299 9
Cabo Verde 5,412 54 4,837 0 9,710 97
Djibouti 5,407 61 5,338 0 5,455 62
Jamaica 5,395 76 1,444 7 1,820 26
Swaziland 5,343 108 4,693 11 4,594 93
Cuba 5,270 118 4,582 8 465 10
Nicaragua 5,073 149 2,913 0 764 22
Hong Kong 5,057 104 4,758 13 673 14
Equatorial Guinea 5,018 83 4,509 4 3,551 59
Congo 5,005 89 3,887 0 902 16
Central African Republic 4,802 62 1,830 2 990 13
Rwanda 4,779 27 2,995 0 367 2
Suriname 4,779 101 4,560 5 8,130 172
Slovenia 4,694 143 3,168 20 2,258 69
Guadeloupe 4,487 42 2,199 24 11,214 105
Georgia 4,399 26 1,705 0 1,103 7
Angola 4,363 159 1,473 8 132 5
Trinidad and Tobago 4,136 67 1,960 11 2,953 48
Lithuania 4,070 89 2,253 0 1,500 33
Syrian Arab Republic 3,924 181 998 0 223 10
Aruba 3,721 25 2,501 11 34,818 234
Bahamas 3,618 80 1,915 79 9,180 203
Gambia 3,552 110 2,012 0 1,461 45
Mayotte 3,541 40 2,964 2 12,910 146
Thailand 3,516 59 3,353 1 50 1
Réunion 3,501 11 2,482 0 3,904 12
Somalia 3,465 98 2,877 0 217 6
Sri Lanka 3,324 13 3,142 0 155 1
Estonia 3,076 64 2,395 2 2,318 48
Mali 3,034 130 2,382 0 149 6
Malta 2,898 27 2,191 0 6,559 61
South Sudan 2,664 49 1,290 0 237 4
Botswana 2,567 13 624 1 1,087 6
Guyana 2,535 69 1,464 14 3,219 88
Iceland 2,512 10 2,150 0 7,350 29
Benin 2,325 40 1,954 0 191 3
Guinea-Bissau 2,324 39 1,549 5 1,175 20
Sierra Leone 2,183 72 1,665 0 272 9
Yemen 2,029 586 1,245 0 68 20
Uruguay 1,946 47 1,661 2 560 14
Burkina Faso 1,929 56 1,252 0 92 3
New Zealand 1,827 25 1,737 3 365 5
Andorra 1,753 53 1,203 4 22,680 686
Belize 1,706 22 1,019 3 4,273 55
Togo 1,701 41 1,297 0 204 5
Cyprus 1,654 22 1,369 1 1,368 18
Latvia 1,594 36 1,248 0 847 19
Lesotho 1,554 35 782 0 724 16
French Polynesia 1,469 5 1,237 5 5,222 18
Liberia 1,338 82 1,221 0 263 16
Martinique 1,290 20 98 9 3,438 53
Niger 1,193 69 1,107 0 49 3
Chad 1,164 82 997 0 70 5
Vietnam 1,069 35 991 0 11 0
Sao Tome and Principe 908 15 880 0 4,126 68
San Marino 723 42 669 3 21,297 1,237
Diamond Princess 712 13 651 4 0 0
Turks and Caicos Islands 676 5 588 3 17,406 129
Channel Islands 654 48 575 2 3,754 275
Sint Maarten 616 21 517 6 14,330 489
Papua New Guinea 527 7 232 0 59 1
Tanzania 509 21 183 7 8 0
Taiwan 509 7 480 0 21 0
Burundi 476 1 462 0 40 0
Comoros 470 7 453 0 538 8
Faroe Islands 455 0 416 0 9,304 0
Saint Martin 367 8 273 11 9,455 206
Mauritius 367 10 339 0 288 8
Eritrea 364 0 309 0 102 0
Gibraltar 361 0 331 0 10,716 0
Isle of Man 340 24 312 0 3,994 282
Mongolia 313 0 302 1 95 0
Curaçao 301 1 104 1 1,833 6
Cambodia 275 0 274 0 16 0
Bhutan 261 0 196 0 337 0
Cayman Islands 210 1 205 0 3,187 15
Monaco 199 1 165 1 5,063 25
Barbados 189 7 174 0 657 24
Bermuda 181 9 167 0 2,909 145
Brunei 145 3 142 0 331 7
Seychelles 143 0 136 0 1,452 0
Liechtenstein 116 1 110 0 3,040 26
Antigua and Barbuda 97 3 92 0 989 31
Caribbean Netherlands 69 1 21 0 2,626 38
British Virgin Islands 69 1 48 2 2,279 33
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 64 0 64 0 576 0
Macao 46 0 46 0 71 0
St. Barth 45 0 25 0 4,553 0
Fiji 32 2 28 1 36 2
Timor-Leste 27 0 27 0 20 0
Saint Lucia 27 0 26 0 147 0
New Caledonia 26 0 26 0 91 0
Dominica 24 0 18 0 333 0
Grenada 24 0 24 0 213 0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 23 0 22 0 3 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 0 17 0 357 0
Saint Pierre Miquelon 16 0 6 0 2,765 0
Greenland 14 0 14 0 247 0
Montserrat 13 1 12 0 2,604 200
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 13 0 13 0 3,712 0
Holy See (Vatican City State) 12 0 12 0 14,981 0
Western Sahara 10 1 8 0 17 2
MS Zaandam 9 2 0 0 0 0
Anguilla 3 0 3 0 200 0

Coronavirus Overview

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.


Coronavirus Prevention

To prevent infection and to slow transmission of COVID-19, do the following:

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand rub.
  • Maintain at least 1 metre distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  • Stay home if you feel unwell.
  • Refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
  • Practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.

Coronavirus Symptoms

The COVID-19 virus affects different people in different ways. COVID-19 is a respiratory disease and most infected people will develop mild to moderate symptoms and recover without requiring special treatment. People who have underlying medical conditions and those over 60 years old have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.

Common symptoms include:
  • fever
  • tiredness
  • dry cough.

Other symptoms include:
  • shortness of breath
  • aches and pains
  • sore throat
  • and very few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.

People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self-isolate and contact their medical provider or a COVID-19 information line for advice on testing and referral.

People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor and seek medical attention.


Country Wise Corona Report
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Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Guidelines on rational use of Personal Protective Equipment

1.About this guideline

This guideline is for health care workers and others working in points of entries (POEs), quarantine centers, hospital, laboratory and primary health care / community settings. The guideline uses setting approach to guide on the type of personal protective equipment to be used in different settings.

2. Introduction

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some causing illness in people and others that circulate among animals, including camels, cats and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can evolve and infect people and then spread between people such as has been seen with MERS and SARS.

 The outbreak of Novel coronavirus disease (now named COVID-19) was initially noticed from a seafood market in Wuhan city in Hubei Province of China in mid-December, 2019, has spread to  more than 185 countries/territories worldwide including India.

The causative agent for COVID-19, earlier termed provisionally as novel Coronavirus has been officially named as SARS-CoV-2.

 3. Mode of transmission

There is clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2. It is thought to be transmitted mainly through respiratory droplets that get generated when people cough, sneeze, or exhale. SARS-CoV-2 also gets transmitted by touching, by direct touch and through contaminated surfaces or objects and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes. Healthcare associated infection by SARS-CoV-2 virus has been documented among healthcare workers in many countries.

The people most at risk of COVID-19 infection are those who are in close contact with a suspect/confirmed COVID-19 patient or who care for such patients.

 4.Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs) are protective gears designed to safeguard the health of workers by minimizing the exposure to a biological agent.

  • Components of PPE

Components of PPE are goggles, face-shield, mask, gloves, coverall/gowns (with or without aprons), head cover and shoe cover. Each component and rationale for its use is given in the following paragraphs:

  • Face shield and goggles

Contamination of mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth is likely in a scenario of droplets generated by cough, sneeze of an infected person or during aerosol generating procedures carried out in a clinical setting. Inadvertently touching the eyes/nose/mouth with a contaminated hand is another likely scenario. Hence protection of the mucous membranes of the eyes/nose/mouth by using face shields/ goggles is an integral part of standard and contact precautions. The flexible frame  of goggles should provide good seal with the skin of the face, covering the eyes and the surrounding areas and even accommodating for prescription glasses.

  • Masks

Respiratory viruses that includes Coronaviruses target mainly the upper and lower respiratory tracts. Hence protecting the airway from the particulate matter generated by droplets / aerosols prevents human infection. Contamination of mucous membranes of the mouth and nose by infective droplets or through a contaminated hand also allows the virus to enter the host. Hence the droplet precautions/airborne precautions using masks are crucial while dealing with a suspect or confirmed case of COVID-19/performing aerosol generating procedures.

Masks are of different types. The type of mask to be used is related to particular risk profile of the category of personnel and his/her work. There are two types of masks which are recommended for various categories of personnel working in hospital or community settings, depending upon the work environment:

  1. Triple layer medical mask
  2. N-95 Respirator mask

4.1.2.1 Triple layer medical mask

A triple layer medical mask is a disposable mask, fluid-resistant, provide protection to the wearer from droplets of infectious material emitted during coughing/sneezing/talking.

4.1.2.2. N-95 Respirator mask

An N-95 respirator mask is a respiratory protective device with high filtration efficiency to airborne particles. To provide the requisite air seal to the wearer, such masks are designed to achieve a very close facial fit.

Such mask should have high fluid resistance, good breathability (preferably with an expiratory valve), clearly identifiable internal and external faces, duckbill/cup-shaped structured design that does not collapse against the mouth.

If correctly worn, the filtration capacity of these masks exceeds those of triple layer medical masks. Since these provide a much tighter air seal than triple layer medical masks, they are designed to protect the wearer from inhaling airborne particles.

  • Gloves

When a person touches an object/surface contaminated by COVID-19 infected person, and then touches his own eyes, nose, or mouth, he may get exposed to the virus. Although this is not thought

 

to be a predominant mode of transmission, care should be exercised while handling objects/surface potentially contaminated by suspect/confirmed cases of COVID-19.

Nitrile gloves are preferred over latex gloves because they resist chemicals, including certain disinfectants such as chlorine. There is a high rate of allergies to latex and contact allergic dermatitis among health workers. However, if nitrile gloves are not available, latex gloves can be used. Non- powdered gloves are preferred to powdered gloves.

  • Coverall/Gowns

Coverall/gowns are designed to protect torso of healthcare providers from exposure to virus. Although coveralls typically provide 360-degree protection because they are designed to cover the whole body, including back and lower legs and sometimes head and feet as well, the design of medical/isolation gowns do not provide continuous whole-body protection (e.g., possible openings in the back, coverage to the mid-calf only).

By using appropriate protective clothing, it is possible to create a barrier to eliminate or reduce contact and droplet exposure, both known to transmit COVID-19, thus protecting healthcare  workers working in close proximity (within 1 meter) of suspect/confirmed COVID-19 cases or their secretions.

Coveralls and gowns are deemed equally acceptable as there is a lack of comparative evidence to show whether one is more effective than the other in reducing transmission to health workers.  Gowns are considerably easier to put on and for removal. An apron can also be worn over the gown for the entire time the health worker is in the treatment area. Coveralls/gowns have stringent standards that extend from preventing exposure to biologically contaminated solid particles to protecting from chemical hazards.

  • Shoe covers

Shoe covers should be made up of impermeable fabric to be used over shoes to facilitate personal protection and decontamination.

4.1.6.   Head covers

Coveralls usually cover the head. Those using gowns, should use a head cover that covers the head and neck while providing clinical care for patients. Hair and hair extensions should fit inside the head cover.