COUNTRY TOTAL CASES TOTAL DEATHS TOTAL RECOVERED SERIOUS CRITICAL CASES PER 1 MILLION DEATHS PER 1 MILLION
USA 7,302,826 209,291 4,536,625 14,093 22,032 631
India 6,052,297 95,151 4,995,857 8,944 4,375 69
Brazil 4,719,099 141,503 4,050,837 8,318 22,164 665
Russia 1,151,438 20,324 943,218 2,300 7,889 139
Colombia 806,038 25,296 700,112 2,220 15,801 496
Peru 800,142 32,142 657,836 1,357 24,188 972
Spain 735,198 31,232 0 1,465 15,723 668
Mexico 726,431 76,243 521,241 2,631 5,620 590
Argentina 702,484 15,543 556,489 3,633 15,509 343
South Africa 669,498 16,376 601,818 539 11,255 275
France 538,569 31,727 94,891 1,098 8,247 486
Chile 457,901 12,641 431,704 888 23,905 660
Iran 446,448 25,589 374,170 4,059 5,299 304
UK 434,969 41,988 0 262 6,399 618
Bangladesh 359,148 5,161 270,491 0 2,176 31
Iraq 349,450 8,990 280,673 533 8,643 222
Saudi Arabia 333,193 4,683 317,005 1,032 9,536 134
Turkey 314,433 7,997 275,630 1,583 3,719 95
Pakistan 310,275 6,457 295,613 584 1,398 29
Italy 309,870 35,835 224,417 254 5,127 593
Philippines 304,226 5,344 252,510 1,758 2,768 49
Germany 286,159 9,534 249,500 325 3,413 114
Indonesia 275,213 10,386 203,014 0 1,004 38
Israel 231,026 1,466 159,931 767 25,118 159
Ukraine 198,634 3,959 87,882 177 4,549 91
Canada 153,058 9,268 131,086 97 4,047 245
Ecuador 134,747 11,279 112,296 355 7,610 637
Bolivia 133,592 7,828 93,406 71 11,408 668
Qatar 125,084 214 121,995 52 44,549 76
Romania 122,673 4,718 98,607 535 6,387 246
Morocco 117,685 2,069 95,591 369 3,179 56
Belgium 112,803 9,974 19,246 120 9,723 860
Netherlands 111,626 6,374 0 130 6,511 372
Dominican Republic 111,386 2,095 85,965 205 10,244 193
Panama 110,108 2,323 86,796 116 25,425 536
Kazakhstan 107,723 1,699 102,666 221 5,721 90
Kuwait 103,544 601 94,929 109 24,162 140
Egypt 102,736 5,869 94,374 41 1,000 57
Oman 97,450 909 87,801 200 18,972 177
UAE 91,469 412 80,544 0 9,222 42
Sweden 90,923 5,880 0 15 8,990 581
Guatemala 90,092 3,229 78,698 5 5,007 179
Poland 87,330 2,432 67,904 124 2,308 64
China 85,351 4,634 80,541 4 59 3
Japan 81,055 1,540 74,151 156 641 12
Belarus 77,609 818 74,120 0 8,214 87
Honduras 74,548 2,288 26,088 15 7,499 230
Portugal 73,604 1,953 47,647 89 7,224 192
Nepal 73,394 477 53,898 0 2,508 16
Ethiopia 72,700 1,165 30,029 273 629 10
Costa Rica 72,049 828 27,760 238 14,113 162
Venezuela 71,940 600 61,528 202 2,532 21
Bahrain 68,775 242 62,252 58 40,103 141
Czechia 64,012 601 31,220 181 5,975 56
Nigeria 58,198 1,106 49,722 7 281 5
Singapore 57,700 27 57,367 0 9,844 5
Uzbekistan 55,320 458 51,829 283 1,647 14
Switzerland 51,864 2,064 42,700 38 5,982 238
Algeria 51,067 1,714 35,860 22 1,160 39
Moldova 50,875 1,287 37,842 592 12,619 319
Armenia 49,400 951 43,613 0 16,663 321
Ghana 46,387 299 45,618 6 1,486 10
Kyrgyzstan 46,251 1,063 42,453 24 7,062 162
Austria 42,876 787 33,589 84 4,754 87
Azerbaijan 40,023 586 37,655 0 3,939 58
Afghanistan 39,227 1,453 32,642 93 1,002 37
Palestine 38,703 291 29,068 0 7,546 57
Kenya 38,115 691 24,621 44 705 13
Paraguay 37,922 782 21,757 155 5,301 109
Lebanon 36,254 347 16,089 173 5,317 51
Ireland 34,990 1,802 23,364 19 7,067 364
Serbia 33,384 747 31,536 21 3,825 86
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 32,364 520 18,128 0 4,695 75
El Salvador 28,630 826 22,879 47 4,409 127
Australia 27,040 872 24,573 12 1,057 34
Bosnia 26,920 822 19,746 0 8,218 251
Denmark 26,637 649 19,650 28 4,595 112
Hungary 24,014 736 5,141 38 2,487 76
S. Korea 23,611 401 21,248 124 460 8
Cameroon 20,735 418 19,440 30 777 16
Bulgaria 19,997 789 14,160 36 2,883 114
Côte d'Ivoire 19,600 120 19,122 0 739 5
Macedonia 17,629 725 14,581 5 8,462 348
Greece 17,444 379 9,989 68 1,676 36
Madagascar 16,285 229 14,922 17 585 8
Croatia 16,197 272 14,609 23 3,951 66
Tunisia 15,178 207 5,032 74 1,281 17
Senegal 14,909 308 12,113 13 885 18
Zambia 14,612 332 13,727 0 790 18
Norway 13,660 270 11,190 2 2,515 50
Sudan 13,606 836 6,764 0 309 19
Albania 13,259 377 7,397 18 4,609 131
Namibia 11,033 120 8,776 14 4,324 47
Malaysia 10,919 134 9,835 6 336 4
Myanmar 10,734 226 2,862 0 197 4
DRC 10,593 271 10,093 0 117 3
Guinea 10,548 66 9,865 24 798 5
Montenegro 10,313 158 6,456 17 16,420 252
Maldives 10,098 34 8,847 12 18,604 63
French Guiana 9,863 65 9,500 6 32,826 216
Finland 9,682 343 7,850 2 1,747 62
Tajikistan 9,646 75 8,430 0 1,006 8
Slovakia 9,078 44 4,178 31 1,663 8
Gabon 8,728 54 7,934 2 3,900 24
Haiti 8,723 227 6,551 0 763 20
Jordan 8,492 45 4,222 13 830 4
Luxembourg 8,357 124 6,976 1 13,299 197
Mozambique 7,983 58 4,807 0 254 2
Zimbabwe 7,803 227 6,067 0 523 15
Uganda 7,530 73 3,647 0 163 2
Mauritania 7,462 161 7,070 3 1,595 34
Jamaica 6,017 89 1,706 6 2,030 30
Malawi 5,768 179 4,206 4 300 9
Cabo Verde 5,701 56 5,018 0 10,227 100
Cuba 5,457 122 4,751 7 482 11
Swaziland 5,419 108 4,802 11 4,659 93
Djibouti 5,409 61 5,340 0 5,456 62
Slovenia 5,350 147 3,555 31 2,573 71
Georgia 5,254 28 1,906 0 1,318 7
Nicaragua 5,073 149 2,913 0 764 22
Hong Kong 5,066 105 4,786 11 674 14
Equatorial Guinea 5,028 83 4,740 4 3,557 59
Congo 5,005 89 3,887 0 902 16
Suriname 4,831 102 4,620 6 8,218 174
Rwanda 4,811 29 3,091 0 369 2
Central African Republic 4,806 62 1,840 2 991 13
Angola 4,672 171 1,639 8 141 5
Guadeloupe 4,487 42 2,199 24 11,214 105
Lithuania 4,385 91 2,327 0 1,616 34
Trinidad and Tobago 4,321 70 2,234 13 3,085 50
Syrian Arab Republic 4,038 188 1,048 0 229 11
Bahamas 3,838 89 2,005 79 9,738 226
Aruba 3,832 25 2,829 11 35,855 234
Réunion 3,685 11 2,819 17 4,109 12
Somalia 3,588 99 2,943 0 224 6
Gambia 3,564 110 2,061 0 1,465 45
Mayotte 3,541 40 2,964 2 12,907 146
Thailand 3,523 59 3,367 1 50 1
Sri Lanka 3,360 13 3,208 0 157 1
Estonia 3,200 64 2,506 0 2,412 48
Mali 3,080 130 2,410 0 151 6
Malta 2,979 31 2,358 0 6,742 70
Botswana 2,921 16 701 1 1,236 7
Guyana 2,725 74 1,535 12 3,460 94
South Sudan 2,686 49 1,290 0 239 4
Iceland 2,623 10 2,158 1 7,675 29
Benin 2,325 40 1,960 0 191 3
Guinea-Bissau 2,324 39 1,549 5 1,174 20
Sierra Leone 2,215 72 1,681 0 276 9
Yemen 2,030 587 1,260 0 68 20
Uruguay 1,998 47 1,716 2 575 14
Burkina Faso 1,973 56 1,264 0 94 3
Andorra 1,836 53 1,263 9 23,753 686
New Zealand 1,833 25 1,749 1 366 5
Belize 1,825 24 1,165 2 4,570 60
Togo 1,736 46 1,319 0 209 6
Cyprus 1,696 22 1,369 1 1,402 18
Latvia 1,676 36 1,304 0 891 19
French Polynesia 1,579 6 1,335 8 5,613 21
Lesotho 1,558 35 797 0 726 16
Liberia 1,339 82 1,221 0 263 16
Martinique 1,290 20 98 9 3,438 53
Niger 1,194 69 1,107 0 49 3
Chad 1,177 83 1,005 0 71 5
Vietnam 1,074 35 999 0 11 0
Sao Tome and Principe 911 15 883 0 4,139 68
San Marino 727 42 676 3 21,415 1,237
Diamond Princess 712 13 651 4 0 0
Turks and Caicos Islands 681 5 620 4 17,533 129
Channel Islands 656 48 600 2 3,765 275
Sint Maarten 633 22 532 6 14,724 512
Papua New Guinea 532 7 516 0 59 1
Taiwan 510 7 480 0 21 0
Tanzania 509 21 183 7 8 0
Burundi 485 1 472 0 41 0
Comoros 478 7 458 0 547 8
Faroe Islands 460 0 423 1 9,405 0
Saint Martin 383 8 273 11 9,866 206
Gibraltar 379 0 341 0 11,250 0
Eritrea 375 0 341 0 105 0
Mauritius 367 10 343 0 288 8
Curaçao 360 1 141 1 2,192 6
Isle of Man 340 24 314 0 3,993 282
Mongolia 313 0 303 1 95 0
Cambodia 276 0 274 0 16 0
Bhutan 271 0 205 0 350 0
Monaco 210 2 169 1 5,342 51
Cayman Islands 210 1 207 0 3,186 15
Barbados 190 7 178 0 661 24
Bermuda 181 9 167 0 2,909 145
Brunei 146 3 142 0 333 7
Seychelles 143 0 140 0 1,452 0
Liechtenstein 117 1 110 0 3,067 26
Antigua and Barbuda 101 3 92 0 1,029 31
Caribbean Netherlands 85 1 21 0 3,234 38
British Virgin Islands 71 1 62 2 2,345 33
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 64 0 64 0 576 0
St. Barth 48 0 25 0 4,856 0
Macao 46 0 46 0 71 0
Fiji 32 2 28 1 36 2
Dominica 30 0 24 0 416 0
Timor-Leste 27 0 27 0 20 0
Saint Lucia 27 0 27 0 147 0
New Caledonia 27 0 26 0 94 0
Grenada 24 0 24 0 213 0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 23 0 22 0 3 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 0 17 0 357 0
Saint Pierre Miquelon 16 0 6 0 2,765 0
Greenland 14 0 14 0 247 0
Montserrat 13 1 12 0 2,604 200
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 13 0 13 0 3,711 0
Holy See (Vatican City State) 12 0 12 0 14,981 0
Western Sahara 10 1 8 0 17 2
MS Zaandam 9 2 0 0 0 0
Anguilla 3 0 3 0 200 0
  • COVID-19 CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC
  • Confirmed Cases

    33,217,489

  • Confirmed Death

    1,000,658

  • Confirmed Recovered

    24,324,942

  • Active CASES

    7,891,889

  • SERIOUS CRITICAL

    65,360



  • Coronavirus (COVID-19) current situation and case numbers

  • Today Confirmed Cases

    170,448

  • Today Confirmed Death

    2,373

  • Last updated: 2 minutes ago


COUNTRY TOTAL CASES TOTAL DEATHS TOTAL RECOVERED SERIOUS CRITICAL CASES PER 1 MILLION DEATHS PER 1 MILLION
USA 7,302,826 209,291 4,536,625 14,093 22,032 631
India 6,052,297 95,151 4,995,857 8,944 4,375 69
Brazil 4,719,099 141,503 4,050,837 8,318 22,164 665
Russia 1,151,438 20,324 943,218 2,300 7,889 139
Colombia 806,038 25,296 700,112 2,220 15,801 496
Peru 800,142 32,142 657,836 1,357 24,188 972
Spain 735,198 31,232 0 1,465 15,723 668
Mexico 726,431 76,243 521,241 2,631 5,620 590
Argentina 702,484 15,543 556,489 3,633 15,509 343
South Africa 669,498 16,376 601,818 539 11,255 275
France 538,569 31,727 94,891 1,098 8,247 486
Chile 457,901 12,641 431,704 888 23,905 660
Iran 446,448 25,589 374,170 4,059 5,299 304
UK 434,969 41,988 0 262 6,399 618
Bangladesh 359,148 5,161 270,491 0 2,176 31
Iraq 349,450 8,990 280,673 533 8,643 222
Saudi Arabia 333,193 4,683 317,005 1,032 9,536 134
Turkey 314,433 7,997 275,630 1,583 3,719 95
Pakistan 310,275 6,457 295,613 584 1,398 29
Italy 309,870 35,835 224,417 254 5,127 593
Philippines 304,226 5,344 252,510 1,758 2,768 49
Germany 286,159 9,534 249,500 325 3,413 114
Indonesia 275,213 10,386 203,014 0 1,004 38
Israel 231,026 1,466 159,931 767 25,118 159
Ukraine 198,634 3,959 87,882 177 4,549 91
Canada 153,058 9,268 131,086 97 4,047 245
Ecuador 134,747 11,279 112,296 355 7,610 637
Bolivia 133,592 7,828 93,406 71 11,408 668
Qatar 125,084 214 121,995 52 44,549 76
Romania 122,673 4,718 98,607 535 6,387 246
Morocco 117,685 2,069 95,591 369 3,179 56
Belgium 112,803 9,974 19,246 120 9,723 860
Netherlands 111,626 6,374 0 130 6,511 372
Dominican Republic 111,386 2,095 85,965 205 10,244 193
Panama 110,108 2,323 86,796 116 25,425 536
Kazakhstan 107,723 1,699 102,666 221 5,721 90
Kuwait 103,544 601 94,929 109 24,162 140
Egypt 102,736 5,869 94,374 41 1,000 57
Oman 97,450 909 87,801 200 18,972 177
UAE 91,469 412 80,544 0 9,222 42
Sweden 90,923 5,880 0 15 8,990 581
Guatemala 90,092 3,229 78,698 5 5,007 179
Poland 87,330 2,432 67,904 124 2,308 64
China 85,351 4,634 80,541 4 59 3
Japan 81,055 1,540 74,151 156 641 12
Belarus 77,609 818 74,120 0 8,214 87
Honduras 74,548 2,288 26,088 15 7,499 230
Portugal 73,604 1,953 47,647 89 7,224 192
Nepal 73,394 477 53,898 0 2,508 16
Ethiopia 72,700 1,165 30,029 273 629 10
Costa Rica 72,049 828 27,760 238 14,113 162
Venezuela 71,940 600 61,528 202 2,532 21
Bahrain 68,775 242 62,252 58 40,103 141
Czechia 64,012 601 31,220 181 5,975 56
Nigeria 58,198 1,106 49,722 7 281 5
Singapore 57,700 27 57,367 0 9,844 5
Uzbekistan 55,320 458 51,829 283 1,647 14
Switzerland 51,864 2,064 42,700 38 5,982 238
Algeria 51,067 1,714 35,860 22 1,160 39
Moldova 50,875 1,287 37,842 592 12,619 319
Armenia 49,400 951 43,613 0 16,663 321
Ghana 46,387 299 45,618 6 1,486 10
Kyrgyzstan 46,251 1,063 42,453 24 7,062 162
Austria 42,876 787 33,589 84 4,754 87
Azerbaijan 40,023 586 37,655 0 3,939 58
Afghanistan 39,227 1,453 32,642 93 1,002 37
Palestine 38,703 291 29,068 0 7,546 57
Kenya 38,115 691 24,621 44 705 13
Paraguay 37,922 782 21,757 155 5,301 109
Lebanon 36,254 347 16,089 173 5,317 51
Ireland 34,990 1,802 23,364 19 7,067 364
Serbia 33,384 747 31,536 21 3,825 86
Libyan Arab Jamahiriya 32,364 520 18,128 0 4,695 75
El Salvador 28,630 826 22,879 47 4,409 127
Australia 27,040 872 24,573 12 1,057 34
Bosnia 26,920 822 19,746 0 8,218 251
Denmark 26,637 649 19,650 28 4,595 112
Hungary 24,014 736 5,141 38 2,487 76
S. Korea 23,611 401 21,248 124 460 8
Cameroon 20,735 418 19,440 30 777 16
Bulgaria 19,997 789 14,160 36 2,883 114
Côte d'Ivoire 19,600 120 19,122 0 739 5
Macedonia 17,629 725 14,581 5 8,462 348
Greece 17,444 379 9,989 68 1,676 36
Madagascar 16,285 229 14,922 17 585 8
Croatia 16,197 272 14,609 23 3,951 66
Tunisia 15,178 207 5,032 74 1,281 17
Senegal 14,909 308 12,113 13 885 18
Zambia 14,612 332 13,727 0 790 18
Norway 13,660 270 11,190 2 2,515 50
Sudan 13,606 836 6,764 0 309 19
Albania 13,259 377 7,397 18 4,609 131
Namibia 11,033 120 8,776 14 4,324 47
Malaysia 10,919 134 9,835 6 336 4
Myanmar 10,734 226 2,862 0 197 4
DRC 10,593 271 10,093 0 117 3
Guinea 10,548 66 9,865 24 798 5
Montenegro 10,313 158 6,456 17 16,420 252
Maldives 10,098 34 8,847 12 18,604 63
French Guiana 9,863 65 9,500 6 32,826 216
Finland 9,682 343 7,850 2 1,747 62
Tajikistan 9,646 75 8,430 0 1,006 8
Slovakia 9,078 44 4,178 31 1,663 8
Gabon 8,728 54 7,934 2 3,900 24
Haiti 8,723 227 6,551 0 763 20
Jordan 8,492 45 4,222 13 830 4
Luxembourg 8,357 124 6,976 1 13,299 197
Mozambique 7,983 58 4,807 0 254 2
Zimbabwe 7,803 227 6,067 0 523 15
Uganda 7,530 73 3,647 0 163 2
Mauritania 7,462 161 7,070 3 1,595 34
Jamaica 6,017 89 1,706 6 2,030 30
Malawi 5,768 179 4,206 4 300 9
Cabo Verde 5,701 56 5,018 0 10,227 100
Cuba 5,457 122 4,751 7 482 11
Swaziland 5,419 108 4,802 11 4,659 93
Djibouti 5,409 61 5,340 0 5,456 62
Slovenia 5,350 147 3,555 31 2,573 71
Georgia 5,254 28 1,906 0 1,318 7
Nicaragua 5,073 149 2,913 0 764 22
Hong Kong 5,066 105 4,786 11 674 14
Equatorial Guinea 5,028 83 4,740 4 3,557 59
Congo 5,005 89 3,887 0 902 16
Suriname 4,831 102 4,620 6 8,218 174
Rwanda 4,811 29 3,091 0 369 2
Central African Republic 4,806 62 1,840 2 991 13
Angola 4,672 171 1,639 8 141 5
Guadeloupe 4,487 42 2,199 24 11,214 105
Lithuania 4,385 91 2,327 0 1,616 34
Trinidad and Tobago 4,321 70 2,234 13 3,085 50
Syrian Arab Republic 4,038 188 1,048 0 229 11
Bahamas 3,838 89 2,005 79 9,738 226
Aruba 3,832 25 2,829 11 35,855 234
Réunion 3,685 11 2,819 17 4,109 12
Somalia 3,588 99 2,943 0 224 6
Gambia 3,564 110 2,061 0 1,465 45
Mayotte 3,541 40 2,964 2 12,907 146
Thailand 3,523 59 3,367 1 50 1
Sri Lanka 3,360 13 3,208 0 157 1
Estonia 3,200 64 2,506 0 2,412 48
Mali 3,080 130 2,410 0 151 6
Malta 2,979 31 2,358 0 6,742 70
Botswana 2,921 16 701 1 1,236 7
Guyana 2,725 74 1,535 12 3,460 94
South Sudan 2,686 49 1,290 0 239 4
Iceland 2,623 10 2,158 1 7,675 29
Benin 2,325 40 1,960 0 191 3
Guinea-Bissau 2,324 39 1,549 5 1,174 20
Sierra Leone 2,215 72 1,681 0 276 9
Yemen 2,030 587 1,260 0 68 20
Uruguay 1,998 47 1,716 2 575 14
Burkina Faso 1,973 56 1,264 0 94 3
Andorra 1,836 53 1,263 9 23,753 686
New Zealand 1,833 25 1,749 1 366 5
Belize 1,825 24 1,165 2 4,570 60
Togo 1,736 46 1,319 0 209 6
Cyprus 1,696 22 1,369 1 1,402 18
Latvia 1,676 36 1,304 0 891 19
French Polynesia 1,579 6 1,335 8 5,613 21
Lesotho 1,558 35 797 0 726 16
Liberia 1,339 82 1,221 0 263 16
Martinique 1,290 20 98 9 3,438 53
Niger 1,194 69 1,107 0 49 3
Chad 1,177 83 1,005 0 71 5
Vietnam 1,074 35 999 0 11 0
Sao Tome and Principe 911 15 883 0 4,139 68
San Marino 727 42 676 3 21,415 1,237
Diamond Princess 712 13 651 4 0 0
Turks and Caicos Islands 681 5 620 4 17,533 129
Channel Islands 656 48 600 2 3,765 275
Sint Maarten 633 22 532 6 14,724 512
Papua New Guinea 532 7 516 0 59 1
Taiwan 510 7 480 0 21 0
Tanzania 509 21 183 7 8 0
Burundi 485 1 472 0 41 0
Comoros 478 7 458 0 547 8
Faroe Islands 460 0 423 1 9,405 0
Saint Martin 383 8 273 11 9,866 206
Gibraltar 379 0 341 0 11,250 0
Eritrea 375 0 341 0 105 0
Mauritius 367 10 343 0 288 8
Curaçao 360 1 141 1 2,192 6
Isle of Man 340 24 314 0 3,993 282
Mongolia 313 0 303 1 95 0
Cambodia 276 0 274 0 16 0
Bhutan 271 0 205 0 350 0
Monaco 210 2 169 1 5,342 51
Cayman Islands 210 1 207 0 3,186 15
Barbados 190 7 178 0 661 24
Bermuda 181 9 167 0 2,909 145
Brunei 146 3 142 0 333 7
Seychelles 143 0 140 0 1,452 0
Liechtenstein 117 1 110 0 3,067 26
Antigua and Barbuda 101 3 92 0 1,029 31
Caribbean Netherlands 85 1 21 0 3,234 38
British Virgin Islands 71 1 62 2 2,345 33
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 64 0 64 0 576 0
St. Barth 48 0 25 0 4,856 0
Macao 46 0 46 0 71 0
Fiji 32 2 28 1 36 2
Dominica 30 0 24 0 416 0
Timor-Leste 27 0 27 0 20 0
Saint Lucia 27 0 27 0 147 0
New Caledonia 27 0 26 0 94 0
Grenada 24 0 24 0 213 0
Lao People's Democratic Republic 23 0 22 0 3 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 0 17 0 357 0
Saint Pierre Miquelon 16 0 6 0 2,765 0
Greenland 14 0 14 0 247 0
Montserrat 13 1 12 0 2,604 200
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 13 0 13 0 3,711 0
Holy See (Vatican City State) 12 0 12 0 14,981 0
Western Sahara 10 1 8 0 17 2
MS Zaandam 9 2 0 0 0 0
Anguilla 3 0 3 0 200 0

Coronavirus Overview

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. Protect yourself and others from infection by washing your hands or using an alcohol based rub frequently and not touching your face.

The COVID-19 virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes, so it’s important that you also practice respiratory etiquette (for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow).

At this time, there are no specific vaccines or treatments for COVID-19. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments. WHO will continue to provide updated information as soon as clinical findings become available.


Coronavirus Prevention

To prevent infection and to slow transmission of COVID-19, do the following:

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand rub.
  • Maintain at least 1 metre distance between you and people coughing or sneezing.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing.
  • Stay home if you feel unwell.
  • Refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs.
  • Practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people.

Coronavirus Symptoms

The COVID-19 virus affects different people in different ways. COVID-19 is a respiratory disease and most infected people will develop mild to moderate symptoms and recover without requiring special treatment. People who have underlying medical conditions and those over 60 years old have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.

Common symptoms include:
  • fever
  • tiredness
  • dry cough.

Other symptoms include:
  • shortness of breath
  • aches and pains
  • sore throat
  • and very few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose.

People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self-isolate and contact their medical provider or a COVID-19 information line for advice on testing and referral.

People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor and seek medical attention.


Country Wise Corona Report
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Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Guidelines on rational use of Personal Protective Equipment

1.About this guideline

This guideline is for health care workers and others working in points of entries (POEs), quarantine centers, hospital, laboratory and primary health care / community settings. The guideline uses setting approach to guide on the type of personal protective equipment to be used in different settings.

2. Introduction

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, some causing illness in people and others that circulate among animals, including camels, cats and bats. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can evolve and infect people and then spread between people such as has been seen with MERS and SARS.

 The outbreak of Novel coronavirus disease (now named COVID-19) was initially noticed from a seafood market in Wuhan city in Hubei Province of China in mid-December, 2019, has spread to  more than 185 countries/territories worldwide including India.

The causative agent for COVID-19, earlier termed provisionally as novel Coronavirus has been officially named as SARS-CoV-2.

 3. Mode of transmission

There is clear evidence of human-to-human transmission of SARS-CoV-2. It is thought to be transmitted mainly through respiratory droplets that get generated when people cough, sneeze, or exhale. SARS-CoV-2 also gets transmitted by touching, by direct touch and through contaminated surfaces or objects and then touching their own mouth, nose, or possibly their eyes. Healthcare associated infection by SARS-CoV-2 virus has been documented among healthcare workers in many countries.

The people most at risk of COVID-19 infection are those who are in close contact with a suspect/confirmed COVID-19 patient or who care for such patients.

 4.Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Personal Protective Equipments (PPEs) are protective gears designed to safeguard the health of workers by minimizing the exposure to a biological agent.

  • Components of PPE

Components of PPE are goggles, face-shield, mask, gloves, coverall/gowns (with or without aprons), head cover and shoe cover. Each component and rationale for its use is given in the following paragraphs:

  • Face shield and goggles

Contamination of mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and mouth is likely in a scenario of droplets generated by cough, sneeze of an infected person or during aerosol generating procedures carried out in a clinical setting. Inadvertently touching the eyes/nose/mouth with a contaminated hand is another likely scenario. Hence protection of the mucous membranes of the eyes/nose/mouth by using face shields/ goggles is an integral part of standard and contact precautions. The flexible frame  of goggles should provide good seal with the skin of the face, covering the eyes and the surrounding areas and even accommodating for prescription glasses.

  • Masks

Respiratory viruses that includes Coronaviruses target mainly the upper and lower respiratory tracts. Hence protecting the airway from the particulate matter generated by droplets / aerosols prevents human infection. Contamination of mucous membranes of the mouth and nose by infective droplets or through a contaminated hand also allows the virus to enter the host. Hence the droplet precautions/airborne precautions using masks are crucial while dealing with a suspect or confirmed case of COVID-19/performing aerosol generating procedures.

Masks are of different types. The type of mask to be used is related to particular risk profile of the category of personnel and his/her work. There are two types of masks which are recommended for various categories of personnel working in hospital or community settings, depending upon the work environment:

  1. Triple layer medical mask
  2. N-95 Respirator mask

4.1.2.1 Triple layer medical mask

A triple layer medical mask is a disposable mask, fluid-resistant, provide protection to the wearer from droplets of infectious material emitted during coughing/sneezing/talking.

4.1.2.2. N-95 Respirator mask

An N-95 respirator mask is a respiratory protective device with high filtration efficiency to airborne particles. To provide the requisite air seal to the wearer, such masks are designed to achieve a very close facial fit.

Such mask should have high fluid resistance, good breathability (preferably with an expiratory valve), clearly identifiable internal and external faces, duckbill/cup-shaped structured design that does not collapse against the mouth.

If correctly worn, the filtration capacity of these masks exceeds those of triple layer medical masks. Since these provide a much tighter air seal than triple layer medical masks, they are designed to protect the wearer from inhaling airborne particles.

  • Gloves

When a person touches an object/surface contaminated by COVID-19 infected person, and then touches his own eyes, nose, or mouth, he may get exposed to the virus. Although this is not thought

 

to be a predominant mode of transmission, care should be exercised while handling objects/surface potentially contaminated by suspect/confirmed cases of COVID-19.

Nitrile gloves are preferred over latex gloves because they resist chemicals, including certain disinfectants such as chlorine. There is a high rate of allergies to latex and contact allergic dermatitis among health workers. However, if nitrile gloves are not available, latex gloves can be used. Non- powdered gloves are preferred to powdered gloves.

  • Coverall/Gowns

Coverall/gowns are designed to protect torso of healthcare providers from exposure to virus. Although coveralls typically provide 360-degree protection because they are designed to cover the whole body, including back and lower legs and sometimes head and feet as well, the design of medical/isolation gowns do not provide continuous whole-body protection (e.g., possible openings in the back, coverage to the mid-calf only).

By using appropriate protective clothing, it is possible to create a barrier to eliminate or reduce contact and droplet exposure, both known to transmit COVID-19, thus protecting healthcare  workers working in close proximity (within 1 meter) of suspect/confirmed COVID-19 cases or their secretions.

Coveralls and gowns are deemed equally acceptable as there is a lack of comparative evidence to show whether one is more effective than the other in reducing transmission to health workers.  Gowns are considerably easier to put on and for removal. An apron can also be worn over the gown for the entire time the health worker is in the treatment area. Coveralls/gowns have stringent standards that extend from preventing exposure to biologically contaminated solid particles to protecting from chemical hazards.

  • Shoe covers

Shoe covers should be made up of impermeable fabric to be used over shoes to facilitate personal protection and decontamination.

4.1.6.   Head covers

Coveralls usually cover the head. Those using gowns, should use a head cover that covers the head and neck while providing clinical care for patients. Hair and hair extensions should fit inside the head cover.